Executioner block describes how the simulation will be executed. It includes commands to control the solver behavior and time stepping. Time stepping is controlled by a combination of commands in the
Executioner block, and the
TimeStepper block nested within the
The PETSc package is used as the underlying solver in MOOSE, and provides a wide variety of options to control its behavior. These can be specified in the Executioner block. Please see the online PETSc documentation for detailed information about these options.
MOOSE provides Picard iterations in all its executioners for tightly-coupled multiphysics simulations. MultiApps of two groups of before and after master app and master app are solved sequentially within one Picard iteration. The execution order of MutliApps within one group is undefined. Relevant data transfers happen before and after each of the two groups of MultiApps runs. Because MultiApp allows wrapping another levels of MultiApps, the design enables multi-level Picard iterations automatically. Picard iterations can be relaxed to improve the stability of the convergence. When a MultiApp is a subapp of a master and a master of its own subapps, MOOSE allows relaxation of the MultiApp solution within the master Picard iterations and within the Picard iterations, where the MultiApp is the master, independently.
Automatic and Default Preconditioning
For most simulations there are two types of solve types that will be used: Newton or Preconditioned Jacobian Free Newton Krylov (PJFNK). The type is specified using the "solve_type" parameter withing the Executioner block.
Regardless of solve type, NEWTON or PJFNK, preconditioning is an import part of any simulation (see Preconditioning System). By default block diagonal preconditioning is used for all solves, with one exception. If "solve_type" is set to NEWTON and the Preconditioning block is not defined, single matrix preconditioning (SMP) is used (see SMP) with all entries enabled ("full=true"). For NEWTON solves, the auto creation of an SMP objects can be disabled by setting "auto_preconditioning=false" within the Executioner block (see CreateExecutionerAction).
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